Selected Publications:

  • Hammer N, Hirschfeld U, Strunz H, Werner M, Wolfskampf T, Löffler S. Can the Diagnostics of Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Lesions Be Improved by MRI-Based Soft-Tissue Reconstruction? An Imaging-Based Workup and Case Presentation. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:5870875.

  • Steinke H, Hammer N, Slowik V, Stadler J, Josten C, Böhme J, Spanel-Borowski K. Novel insights into the sacroiliac joint ligaments. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35(3):257-63.



Plastination is the process of tissue conservation, exchanging tissue’s water with resin. The Department of Anatomy facilitates a variety of plastination techniques, including silicone (S10), epoxy resin and polyethylene glycol. Plastination is carried out for two major purposes:

Block plastination:

One of two techniques our group has specialised in, with thin (< 1 mm thickness) and ultrathin (< 100 µm thickness) sections. These sections can be stained, e.g. for connective fibre visualisation, and form part of our methods for correlative imaging. The lab houses a Dramet diamond band saw (DRAMET, Kleinmaischeid, Germany), capable of sectioning blocks up to 30x50 cm.

Partial plastination:

This is new technique to embed the ends of both soft and hard tissue samples in resin, while the central part remains unaltered. This approach allows to minimise material slippage in mechanical testing.

Selected Publications:

  • Sichting F, Steinke H, Wagner MF, Fritsch S, Hädrich C, Hammer N. Quantification of material slippage in the iliotibial tract when applying the partial plastination clamping technique. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2015;49:112-7.

  • Schleifenbaum S, Prietzel T, Hädrich C, Möbius R, Sichting F, Hammer N. Tensile properties of the hip joint ligaments are largely variable and age-dependent - An in-vitro analysis in an age range of 14-93 years. Journal of biomechanics. 2016;49(14):3437-43.

Various plastination applications for research