Head biomechanics and Forensics

Blunt force trauma to the head is a major contributor to injury and death in clinical medicine and in related forensic pathology. Our group aims at analysing the patterns of force distribution on the head, in order to accurately simulate loading response of skin, skull and brain tissues. These findings are used for infant and adult head trauma analyses. 

Selected publications:

  • Falland-Cheung L, Scholze M, Lozano PF, Ondruschka B, Tong DC, Brunton PA, Waddell JN, Hammer N. Mechanical properties of the human scalp in tension. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2018 Aug;84:188-197.

  • Falland-Cheung L, Scholze M, Hammer N, Waddell JN, Tong DC, Brunton PA. Elastic behavior of brain simulants in comparison to porcine brain at different loading velocities. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2018 Jan;77:609-615. 

  • Ondruschka B, Baier C, Bernhard M, Buschmann C, Dreßler J, Schlote J, Zwirner J, Hammer N. Frequency and intensity of pulmonary bone marrow and fat embolism due to manual or automated chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2018 Nov 15. 


  • Ondruschka B, Scholze M, Blackburne W, Dreßler J, Jermy M, Schwarz M, Swain M, Waddell N, Hammer N.  Biomechanische Experimente zu Rippenbruch-Szenarien bei Kleinkindern. Arch Kriminol 2018 242: 173-183. 


  • Ondruschka B, Woydt L, Bernhard M, Franke H, Kirsten H, Löffler S, Pohlers D, Hammer N, Dreßler J. Post-mortem in situ stability of serum markers of cerebral damage and acute phase response. Int J Legal Med. 2018 Aug 30. 

  • Woydt L, Bernhard M, Kirsten H, Burkhardt R, Hammer N, Gries A, Dreßler J, Ondruschka B. Intra-individual alterations of serum markers routinely used in forensic pathology depending on increasing post-mortem interval. Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 24;8(1):12811. 

Human skull